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Python SDK Tutorial: Drift Analysis

Drift analyses are crucial to understanding how your model will fare on different distributions. This notebook covers how one might use TruEra's Python SDK to examine the drift of a model between train and test data -- but this could also be used to examine a model's behavior over time.

Before you begin ⬇️

What we'll cover ☑️

  • First, we'll create a TruEra project. We'll use sample data from scikit-learn, and create a project with a sample gradient boosted tree model. We'll also ingest train and test split data for this model.
  • We'll then track the performance of your model between train and test sets with an Explainer object.
  • Finally, we'll drill into the root causes of the instability between distributions, so we can understand and debug your model.

Step 1: Create a TruEra workspace

from truera.client.truera_workspace import TrueraWorkspace
from truera.client.truera_authentication import TokenAuthentication

auth = TokenAuthentication(TOKEN)
tru = TrueraWorkspace(TRUERA_URL, auth)

Step 2: Download sample data

Here we'll use the data from scikit-learn's California Housing dataset, which is a regression dataset. This is available directly from the sklearn.datasets module.

# Retrieve the data.

import pandas as pd
from sklearn.datasets import fetch_california_housing

data_bunch = fetch_california_housing()
XS_ALL = pd.DataFrame(data=data_bunch["data"], columns=data_bunch["feature_names"])
YS_ALL = data_bunch["target"]
# Create train and test data splits.

from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split

XS_TRAIN, XS_TEST, YS_TRAIN, YS_TEST = train_test_split(XS_ALL, YS_ALL, test_size=0.5, random_state=0)

Step 3: Add targeted noise to data

We'll add two kinds of noise to exacerbate the differences between our train and test sets for the purpose of this notebook: 1. Shift the HouseAge feature in the test data (but not the train data) by 10. This is an example of data drift. 2. When the HouseAge feature is in between 20 and 30, set the label to 0. This is an example of mislabelled data points.

XS_TEST["HouseAge"] += 10
YS_TRAIN[(20 <= XS_TRAIN["HouseAge"]) & (XS_TRAIN["HouseAge"] < 30)] = 0

Step 4a: Create a project

tru.add_project("California Housing", score_type="regression")

Step 4b: Create the data collection and add split data

from truera.client.ingestion import ColumnSpec

column_spec = ColumnSpec(
data_test = XS_TEST.merge(YS_TEST, left_index=True, right_index=True).reset_index(names="id")
data_train = XS_TRAIN.merge(YS_TRAIN, left_index=True, right_index=True).reset_index(names="id")
tru.add_data(data_train, data_split_name="train", column_spec=column_spec)
tru.add_data(data_test, data_split_name="test", column_spec=column_spec)

Step 4c: Train and add a model to the data collection

# Train the model.

from sklearn.ensemble import GradientBoostingRegressor
from sklearn.metrics import mean_squared_error

gb_model = GradientBoostingRegressor(random_state=0), YS_TRAIN)
# Add to TruEra workspace.

tru.add_python_model("gradient boosted", gb_model)

Step 5: Examine model accuracy between train and test

Here, we create an explainer object setting train as our base data split, and test as our comparison data split. This enables us to easily compare performance across splits.

explainer = tru.get_explainer(base_data_split="train", comparison_data_splits=["test"])

We can see there is a marked gap between the RMSE of our train and test splits.

Step 6: Find the cause of the instability

By examining what features shift in the influence space, we can identify potential causes of the instability. This analysis can be carried out in the Python SDK as below, or in the Stability workflow of the TruEra UI.

# Find feature that has shifted the most.

instability = explainer.compute_feature_contributors_to_instability("regression")
instability.T.sort_values(by="test", ascending=False)

Given the HouseAge feature has shifted so heavily let's plot its distribution in both train and test.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

plt.figure(figsize=(21, 6))
plt.legend(["Train", "Test"])
plt.xlabel("`HouseAge` value")

This shows some odd behavior in that the distribution of the HouseAge seems to have shifted between the train data and the test data. In fact, it appears that the data has shifted by around 10. So we were able to catch the issue!

Given the problematic behavior, let's also look at the influence sensitivity plot (ISP) of the feature.

explainer = tru.get_explainer(base_data_split="train")

The data does appear quite fishy in the 20 to 30 region, as we might expect!